3D garment fit on solid and soft digital avatars – preliminary results





3D Simulation, soft body physics, garment fit, soft digital avatar


For a holistic assessment of the interaction between the human body and tight fitted clothing, it is necessary to consider the mechanical properties of the body. Default avatars in CAD software are usually solid and do not take this interaction into account. For this purpose, a solid avatar is converted to a deformable one by using the soft body physics implementation in the simulation program Blender. The fit of a 3D garment on both avatars are compared, which allows a first evaluation of the differences between these approaches.


Kaiser, C. Vorgehensmodell zum Aufbau einer validierten Simulationsumgebung zur Bestimmung des durch Kompressionsstrümpfe induzierten Kontaktdrucks als Basis für eine virtuelle Funktionsanalyse; Berlin: LIT Verlag Dr. W. Hopf, 2019.

Lüllmann-Rauch, E. A. R. Histologie; Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag; 2019.

Martins, J. A. C.; Pato, M. P. M.; Pires E. B. A finite element model of skeletal muscles. Virtual and Physical Prototyping 2006, 1, 159-170. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17452750601040626.

Holzapfel, G. A.; Ogden, R. W. Multi-scale structural modeling of soft tissues: mechanics and mechanobiology. In Multiscale Soft Tissue Mechanics and Mechanobiology, Dorbrecht, Springer Science + Business Media B. V.; 2016; pp. 7-48.

Wex, C.; Arndt, S.; Stoll, A.; Bruns, C.; Kupriyanova, Y. Isotropic incompressible hyperelastic models for modelling the mechanical behaviour of biological tissues: a review. Biomedizinische Technik/Biomedical Engineering 2015, 60, 577-594. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/bmt-2014-0146.

Altair Engineering, Inc.; https://www.altair.com/hubyx/ (accessed 2022-02-19).

Egorov, V.; Tsyuryupa, S.; Kanilo, S.; Kogit, M.; Sarvazyan, A. Soft tissue elastometer. Medical Engineering & Physics 2008, 30, 206-212. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2007.02.007.

Vitalmechanics; https://www.vitalmechanics.com/ (accessed 2022-02-19).

Pons-Moll, G.; Romero, J.; Mahmood, N.; Black, M. J. Dyna: A Model of Dynamic Human Shape in Motion; SIGGRAPH ‘15; Los Angeles, CA; 2015.

Zhang, J.; Lau, N. M.; Sun, Y.; Yip, J.; Yick, K.; Yu, W.; Chen, J.; Non-linear finite element model established on pectoralis major muscle to investigate large breast motions of senior women for bra design. Text. Res. J. 2022, online first. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/00405175221075049.

Blender Documentation Team; https://docs.blender.org/manual/en/latest/physics/soft_body/index.html# (accessed 2022-02-18).

Fung, Y. Biomechanics – Mechanical Properties of living tissue; New York: Springer-Verlag; 1993.

Fit comparison between the form on solid and soft avatar



How to Cite

Brake, E., Kyosev, Y., & Rose, K. (2022). 3D garment fit on solid and soft digital avatars – preliminary results. Communications in Development and Assembling of Textile Products, 3(2), 97-103. https://doi.org/10.25367/cdatp.2022.3.p97-103



Peer-reviewed articles